Columbia, South Carolina
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Common Agricultural Service Terms
Agriculture is the process of growing and cultivating produce and livestock to sustain life. Produce may include various grains and fruits and vegetables. The climate and land will have a large effect on which crops can be harvested. In order to plant and cultivate crops, farmers will need to have certain equipment. Equipment may include various agriculture machines and fertilizers. Once the crops are harvested, farmers will ship the produce to distributors. The market will have direct affect on the finances and business side of the industry. Livestock will involve a variety of animals, including cows, pigs, horses, oxen and sheep. The livestock will be grown for all sorts of purposes. While some may be grown to assist in the farming process, others will be turned into produce.
Combine - A combine is a self-propelled tractor that harvests small grains and soybeans on a farm.
Pesticide - A pesticide is the general term used to describe agricultural chemicals used in farm production. While a herbicide is used to control the growth of weeds, insecticides prevent insects from infiltrating crops.
Agribusiness - Agribusiness describes the production and manufacturing of agricultural goods. This includes the purchasing of fertilizers and farming equipment and food processing.
Row crops - Row crops are when crops are planted in rows in order to leave the appropriate space for machines.
Cultivator - A cultivator is a machine that tills the upper portion of the soil. This will help destroy weeds and retain moisture.
Bushel - A bushel is a dry volume of crop and used to quantify crop yield.
Agricultural services are required in the farming industry. Such services may range from planting and growing to harvesting and plowing. Farmers need to perform certain agricultural services for their own farms, or hire out for the services they cannot provide for themselves. Gardeners and greenhouse owners may also require agricultural services for their plants.
A farm’s crops need to be fertilized in order to thrive, whether they choose to go the organic or traditional chemical route. Soil testing, market research and pesticide application are all examples of agriculture services. Livestock management is also another example of agricultural services. Some services can take place in a lab, such as testing. Others, however, must take place in the field, such as weather or plant analysis. Some agricultural service providers also sell products such as harvesting equipment, chemicals, bioremediation products and raw materials.
Certain machines and equipment are needed to carry out tests and maintain crop growth. Agriculture machines must harvest the items produced, such as corn and other vegetables. The professionals behind agricultural services may be comprised of consultants, who generally have backgrounds in hydrology, environmental science or agronomy. They can research the distribution and effect of water in the soil, to determine area climate conditions that are conducive to crop growth.
Agricultural professionals could be farmers who provide services for area businesses or even other farms. Foods such as fruits and vegetables need proper seeding, care and maintenance to produce effective crops for harvest. Animals on a farm also need to be tended to and kept in optimal health. Agricultural services can help by providing a variety of offerings for consumers.