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Aluminum Fabrication Terms to Know
Aluminum is one of the more versatile metals, as evidenced through its use in a variety of manufacturing and industrial products. An aluminum fabricator specializes in the forming and welding of aluminum to a customer’s specifications, whether they require tubing, sheets, bars, frames or other custom assemblies. Here are some terms associated with aluminum fabrication.
Utility Sheet Aluminum – Coiled or flat sheet aluminum produced in standard sizes for the general building trade.
Gage – The gage is a way to measure the thickness of any metal sheet.
Blank – An aluminum sheet that has been through the cutting process.
Machinability – A reference to the relative ease of machining various metals, such as aluminum and steel.
Matching – A method to fabricate tubing or any shape by removing unwanted material.
Anodizing – A fabrication technique that converts the aluminum surface to aluminum oxide, forming a hard, non-corrosive surface.
Light Metals – Metals, such as aluminum, beryllium and magnesium, with a low specific gravity.
Quenching – A rapid cooling of heat-treated metals to obtain desired properties.
Burring – A term that refers to the fabricator’s smoothing rough-cut edges of a manufactured aluminum product.
Hardener – An alloy that contains aluminum and one or more additional elements, that is added to molten aluminum.
Ductility – A measure of how much stress metal can handle before breaking.
Rub Mark – The machining processes necessary to fabricate aluminum may leave behind rub marks, or minor scratching. Such marks may or may not impact the quality of the finished work or the price.
In contemporary America, the aluminum fabrication industry is rapidly increasing. Besides traditional packaging and construction applications in which aluminum fabrication is key, its applications are now used automotive and aerospace fields. The aluminum industry is extremely important in nearly 30 countries. Employment of engineers who use state of the art machinery in this field has greatly increased this field as a profession.
Aluminum is the most recycled material in the world, and the second most used metal. The process of fabricating involves putting together artificial or natural components or parts. Without effective fabricating, this particular industry would simply be nonexistent. Many fabrication processes shape sheets into specific shapes. The sheets can also be welded and assembled into specific designs.
Refining is a crucial element in the aluminum fabrication. Refining has two key processes of purification of a substance and form. When forming the refining process, the surface is exposed and raw. The term raw in the aluminum fabrication industry simply means not processed or refined. Besides the refining process, the technique of smelting is used to extract metals by heating, and the light amplification of the laser can virtually cut any metal, which will result in a custom finish while a wall encloses the space to extrude the metal, like aluminum or steel. The refining process is also crucial for alloys, but not in its totality, since an alloy is a mixture of two or more metallic elements fused together.
You can learn more about aluminum fabrication companies by accessing websites managed by companies in your area or elsewhere in the world.