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Art Schools Terms to Know
Maybe you want to take a class or two in a creative subject for personal fulfillment. Or maybe you would like to one day perform or paint for thousands. Either way there is bound to be an art school or institute that can meet your needs. There are many subjects you can study, including painting, decor, even how to style food. Below are some possible areas of study and other useful terms to know.
Avant-Garde - Used to describe work, whether involving visual art or theater, that is unconventional, innovative or ahead of its time. For example avant-garde fashion may experiment with new types of clothing material.
Industrial Design - The creation and improvement of consumer products, such as furniture, kitchen appliances and lighting, so the product will perform its function well but also be aesthetically pleasing and marketable.
Visual Communication - Work that uses various media formats to convey ideas visually, including but not limited to books, posters, signs, and graphic design.
Palate - A common term that you would hear often in culinary studies and meaning a person’s sense of taste. Not to be confused with palette, below.
Characterization - Would be used in a theater class and refers to representing a character’s qualities through dialogue, make up, and gestures.
Portfolio - An organized collection of a person’s creative work, usually submitted to a school or institute for evaluation as part of the admissions process.
New Media - Used to describe a form of electronic communication, including for example websites and streaming audio and video, and as contrasted to traditional media which includes things like television and newspapers.
Palette - The range of colors, for example paint or pencil colors, used in a work. Also used in fashion to describe a collection of make up, such as a collection of eye shadows.
Art schools are educational institutions where students typically study visual or tangible art forms, such as drawing or sculpting. The current model for fine arts education likely began in France, when schools broke away from the tradition of master and apprentice and instead offered classes at organized institutes of learning.
Art schools are found at all levels of education, from elementary and secondary schools, to college and university programs. Colleges offering degrees in arts may exist as private institutions focusing on art and design, where students learn to sculpt, draw, paint, and animate. Alongside these classic media of expression, they may also study graphic design, fashion, theatre performance, or print media such as photography. These schools generally offer solely courses in art, though some may require students to take other courses to receive a rounder education. Private art institutes are often highly selective. Many public universities offer design programs as separate colleges or departments, and may include programs such as architecture and interior design. While generally independent from the liberal arts requirements of the university, students in these programs may still be required to fulfill courses outside of design and arts. Finally, students may receive art degrees at the college and university level, where their associate's, bachelor's or post graduate degree, typically in art or fine art, is part of the school's liberal arts program.
High school students interested in pursuing a degree in fine arts, whether in graphic design, fashion, photography, or sculpting, should begin by inquiring with their high school counselor. Graduates can search online for the art program of their choice, or speak with a counselor at a local college or university. With the array of art schools available, there are opportunities for every artist to study in the creative world.