Important Terms to Know About Artificial Eyes Human Human artificial eyes can either be functional or non functional. Functional artificial eyes, most commonly known as bionic eyes, are implant devices designed to restore eyesight. Non functional glass eyes, or ocular prosthetics, are meant to replace a lost eye. Those who require artificial human eyes can seek out help from qualified ophthalmologists within specialty clinics. Following are some important terms about human artificial eyes that you should know about:
Enucleation: A type of ocular surgery to remove the eye but leave the muscles and orbital contents as-is. This is needed in the case of ocular tumors, severe trauma and blindness. Auto-enucleation, also called oedipism, is a rare form of self harm involving self inflicted eye injury.
Orbital Exenteration: Surgery to remove the entire orbit.
Ocular Prothesis: Known commonly as a glass eye, this prosthesis is shaped like a convex shell, manufactured from medical grade plastic acrylic; however, some are made from cryolite glass. One type of ocular prosthesis features a thin hard shell called a scleral shell, typically worn over an eye that has been damaged.
Ocularists: Fabricators of ocular prosthetics. These specialists also fit people for ocular prosthetics when they have lost an eye due to disease or injury. This process involves an impression of the existing eye socket. Ocularists then shape it to a plastic shell, then fit the device to the patient.
Visual Prosthesis: An experimental visual device designed to restore functional vision in patients who suffering from partial or total blindness. Modeled after cochlear implants, a type of neural prosthesis.