Buses are mass transit automobiles that are very large and expected to drive for long durations. Therefore, buses need regular maintenance and repairs. There are mechanic shops that specialize in repairing line vehicles like buses and often offer special discounts for large companies that service their line with the shop. Below are some common terms that are used for bus service and repair.
Tune-Up – Cars require a tune-up every two years, but for large buses they may need a tune-up more often. The mechanic will check many parts of the bus, including the belts, spark plugs and fluids. They will also replace the fuel filter, and anything else that needs replacing during the check, such as spark plugs and fluids.
Brakes – One of the most important systems of a car, the brakes are responsible for stopping the car. Mechanics will check the brake systems and replace the parts, including the brake pads and rotors if needed.
Oil Change – Motor oil needs to be changed about every 3000 miles, though synthetic oil can go for far longer. This is because the oil to run the engine quickly gets dirty the more the car or the bus is driven.
Transmission – The transmission system is responsible for changing the gears in the engine. Transmissions are either manual or automatic, but both will need to be checked and may need to have their fluids replaced.
Suspension – The suspension system is what keeps the wheels attached to the main vehicle. A good suspension system will allow the vehicle to drive comfortably, while a bad suspension system will be hard and rough.
Body Repair – The frame of an automobile is referred to as its body. Body repairs involves fixes damage to the frame, including paint work.
Buses, vehicles that transport students to and from school or bring passengers across town, regularly require maintenance and repair. Safety is a big concern, so regular inspections are also conducted by qualified individuals, especially for buses that transport children on a daily basis.
Bus repair and service shops are usually comprised of mechanics skilled in repairing and servicing buses of all kinds. These shops may provide tune-ups, inspections, and upgrades. They usually have backgrounds in fixing and installing automatic and manual transmissions, engines, steering components, and suspension systems. Regular inspections may include checks of the brakes, wheels, lights, and tires.
Mechanics often use lifts to get under the vehicles and provide repairs, oil changes, and tune-ups. Types of buses can range from charters and motor coaches to school and city buses. Some mechanics specialize in different areas, such as body work or upgrades. Others provide all services, from parts replacement to fixing brakes.
Buses are an important part of travel. They first started out as horse-drawn buses, then in the 1800s became steam powered. The electric trolleybus was created to run under a system of wires, and the first engine powered buses emerged around the same time as the automobile. Widespread use of buses as we know them today began in the mid 1900s and progressed from there.
Tour buses, charter buses, and city and school buses are all a bit different, but essentially all the same under the hood. Companies and individuals looking to hire a bus repair provider can ask their local mechanic if he or she provides these services, or get a referral to someone who does. Searching online for listings and information on equipment like brakes for sale is also a good idea.