Textiles are available in more than just the colors of the rainbow. Special equipment is often needed to achieve the desired color. A pigment can be rapidly spritzed on, or a material can be soaked for a long period of time in a dye. Following are some terms related to cleaning and dyeing equipment to help you better understand the process of making and taking care of your different fabrics.
Batik Dyeing – Batik dyeing allows for selective coloring of portions of fabric. The material is coated with an impenetrable substance, often wax, so that only the uncovered areas are dyed. This allows manufacturers to apply unique patterns to clothing and other items.
Binder – Binders are almost colorless. Producers of textiles use binders to help affix dyes to a material.
Bleeding – Bleeding is the running, fading, or otherwise escaping of color from a fabric. Some materials may need special equipment or a trip to the dry cleaners to retain their proper coloration.
Blend – This is a fabric that is made of multiple kinds of the same substance, like different types of wool, or a combination of more than one substance.
Colorfast – Colorfastness is the capacity of a material to retain pigmentation. Carpet, apparel, and other fabrics should be tested for colorfastness before cleaning.
Jig Dyeing – Jig dyeing is accomplished in a vat or other large vessel. Fabric is transported back and forth through the machine. The immersion of the fabric continues until the desired color is obtained.
Random Dyeing – Random dyeing is the coloring of predetermined parts of fabric or yarn. One method of accomplishing this is to place the material underneath a machine. The machine essentially shoots a rapid jet of dye. This jet of dye is carefully positioned over the fabric so that only certain sections are colored.
Most households bring suits, dress pants and gowns to a retail dry cleaner for services. Dry cleaners and textile companies use cleaner and dyeing equipment companies to get needed items for daily business. Mordant, fixers and rapid dyeing jet machines are used for businesses that dye fabrics and textiles. Dealers of dyer equipment may also sell cleaning machines for steam cleaning and dry cleaning. Such dyeing machine producers may carry both cleaning and dyeing machinery. Consumers can purchase brand new cleaning or dyeing equipment or you can save yourself some money and get a discount on used equipment. Look up cleaning machinery and dye equipment dealers in your local phone book or in online directory listings. Check out classified ads for people selling gently used equipment. You can really benefit from this if you are the owner of a hotel, laundry service, textile factory or college dorm and need to buy large quantities at one time. Do your research on the many makes and models of cleaner and dye equipment out there on the market today. There are many different types of apparel cleaning machines that care for delicate fabrics that must be dry cleaned.