Terms Related to Cleaning Compounds The following are some terms that are related to cleaning compounds:
Abrasive: An abrasive cleaner is one that causes a lot of friction. This friction is what removes the dirt and debris from the surface. Certain cleansers, polishes, and other abrasive cleaning compounds should be used with care. Excessive or improper use could cause damage to hardwood floors, tiles, and other surfaces.
Builder: Builders are chemicals that are added to cleaners to promote their ability to wash and buff surfaces. For example, some of these additives can promote water softness, maintain proper alkalinity, or keep dirt from returning to the surface that is being cleaned.
Caustic: Caustic chemicals and other substances can cause damage if they come in contact with the skin. These substances have a high alkalinity.
Cleanser: A cleanser is a strong liquid or powdered cleaner. Cleansers usually have bleach, spreading agents, and abrasives in them.
Grains Hardness: Water is considered hard when it has calcium and magnesium salts dissolved in it. Grains hardness is a measurement of how hard water is, expressed in parts per million.
Neutral Cleaner: A neutral cleaner has the right balance of acidity, usually between a seven and a nine on the pH scale, to properly wash or buff a household surface without damaging its finish.
pH: This is the scale, which ranges from 0 to 14, that is used to indicate how acidic a substance is. A substance with a pH of 0 is highly acidic, while a substance with a pH of 14 is highly alkaline. Water that has been distilled usually has a pH of 7.
Saponification: Saponification is turning fat into soap. This is accomplished by adding a highly alkaline substance to the fat. Saponification may also refer to the way that some soaps and detergents get rid of oily materials.
Solvents: A solvent is simply a substance that can dissolve another substance. Water is actually a solvent.
Volatile: This is the portion of a cleaning compound or other solution that will evaporate as it dries.