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Coal Mining and Shipping Terminology
If you will be working with the coal mining and coal shipping industry, there are many complex terms that could hinder communication with clients. In order to better understand some of the fundamental terms of the coal mining and shipping industry, consider the following terms and definitions.
Bitumen - Bitumen is a type of coal and is the most common to be found in the United States. Bitumen is extracted from underground mines and is primarily used to create electricity and to make coke for the steel industry. It is not the type of coal used to fuel home heating systems.
Surface Mine - Some mines don't require deep excavation because the coal is located near the surface. These are called surface mines and the mine removed is known as outcropping.
Mining Engineer - Not all miners need to be engineers, but many in management positions are. A mining engineer is someone who has been trained and is experienced in the science and economics of coal mining. He or she not only works to prevent disaster and make money, but is likely also capable of operating nearly any piece of mining machinery.
Ballast - When shipping coal and fuels, the ballast is the component of the ship that keeps the vessel level while carrying cargo and unloading freight.
Shearer - A shearer is an underground machine that is used to remove the coal ore from the earth. As its name suggests, the shearer moves along the face of a wall and shears, or strips the surface.
Coal mining and shipping companies ship and deliver coal to commercial and industrial companies, such as a manufacturing plant. Homeowners who have coal burning stoves may also hire coal mining and shipping companies for coal delivery service and equipment, but normally, the larger companies, such as a domestic power plant and production facility, take advantage of coal mining and shipping for bulk freight orders in large quantities. Companies use coal as a fuel source and need to replenish their stock frequently. When burned as fuel, coal gives off carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide. Power plants in particular use that energy source to supply electricity. Coal energy, one of the most abundant fossil fuels produced domestically, can be very costly to ship. It can sometimes cost more than mining it. Do your research online to find out how coal is burned for energy, what it costs, what the environmental effects are, coal market trading information, freight and container information, and where coal is mined in the United States. You can also find out more information on coal associations and environmental issues. Coal associations exist to support the plight of coal miners. Their mission is to get fair wages for each coal miner, as well as maintain safe working conditions. Research others types of mining, such as lignite surface mining, peat, bituminous, sub-bituminous, anthracite, and graphite. Coal mining and shipping companies can double as distribution and manufacturing equipment facilities, shipping freight via container service. They often sell bulk quantities of coal to companies at a large discount for the service. Research miner rights online, as well as shipping information, machine information, commercial and industrial services, open mineral shaft reserves, mining and exploration, surface ore, geology findings, quarry processes, method and technique of extraction, shipment via rail or tanker, and industry information.