Important Terms to Know About Colors and Pigments Colors and pigments are used in combination to make inks for printing and manufacturing purposes. Pigments are materials that change the color of transmitted light through absorption. You can blend various colors and pigments to create stains, palettes and paints. You can use wheels and charts to see how these blends look. Here are some important terms for colors and pigments:
Fluorescence: A form of luminescence, this term refers to the emission of light by something that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation. The emitted light features a longer wavelength and lower energy than the radiation being absorbed.
Tint: A mixture of color with white to boost lightness. In contrast, a shade is the mixture of a color with black to cut down on lightness. When you mix a color with a neutral one, you will reduce the colorfulness, also known as chroma. The hue stays as it is.
Hue: A main property of color, with unique hues being red, green, blue and yellow.
Saturation The colorfulness of a color relative to its brightness, often compared with chroma in the field of color theory. Chroma refers to the colorfulness relative to the brightness of another color which looks white under similar conditions.
Color Wheel: Also known as a color circle, this device shows the organization of hues around a circle, highlighting the differences in primary colors, complementary colors and secondary colors.
Stain: A discoloration applied to a surface, caused but the interaction of two different materials. Typically applied to wood or glass for a decorative and protective look.