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Dog Breeding Terminology
If you're thinking of getting a dog for you and your family, you have a few options available to you. Whether you choose to adopt from a shelter or kennel, or get a dog from a breeder, there are some important terms to be familiar with before you can ask the kind of questions that will help you make your final decision.
Culling - Breeders are often concerned with producing healthy, quality puppies from their board certified breeding dogs. Because of this, unhealthy or deformed dogs are often killed immediately after birth. This is known as culling, and there are groups that work to save these puppies from the breeders and find healthy homes in which they might be able to thrive.
Congenital - If a condition is present at birth and inherited from the mother or father dog, it is a congenital issue. Certain breeds are known for problematic congenital conditions, such as the Golden Retriever.
Fading Puppy Syndrome - During the first few days of care, a litter of puppies may seem generally healthy. However, if a dog suffers from fading puppy syndrome, he or she may stop nursing and eating. That puppy is likely seriously ill and should be seen by a vet immediately.
Line Breeding - Line breeding can be problematic in some types of dogs. Line breeding is when closely related dogs are used to produce another litter. The chance of congenital issues can increase dramatically.
Hydrocephalus - Hydrocephalus is a somewhat rare but deadly condition, where the puppy is born with fluid on the brain. If adopting a brand new puppy from a board certified breeder, kennel, or shelter, be sure to see a vet as soon as possible for proper care.
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Breeding dogs can be a full-time occupation. For others, it's a recreational pastime. Many work on farms or in kennels. Others provide this service at their home or small business. Dog breeders propagate animals under controlled conditions, to produce superior or pure offspring. Selective breeding yields purebreds, which are often desired among serious dog owners. Hybrid dogs are another type.
There are so many types of dogs, with some more conducive to breeding than others. Some of these dogs include golden retrievers, German shepherds, labs, and beagles. Dog breeders monitor food and nutrition of their dogs closely, and breed them with other dogs of the same ancestry to produce purebred puppies, such as pit bulls and poodles. Cross breeding is another component, which involves the mating of dogs of different breeds.
Breeders may work at animal shelters, private companies, or own their own business. Some are vets and boast medical licenses. Several factors come into play here, such as medication, food, nutrition, training, and therapy. They may offer additional services, such as boarding, walking, training, grooming, and general health care.
Puppy breeders may list their animals for sale or adoption on the market, or they may breed them for competition and recreational purposes. Because purebred dogs are a premium in the business, breeders should be extremely knowledgeable about the care process and what it entails, along with the science and biology behind it. Related sub categories may include livestock breeding, dog training, and boarding. Canine sitters and watchers may also work with dogs, providing exercise and toys for the puppies. Breeders may also offer training for guide dogs and adoption.
People can learn more on this subject by visiting local puppy breeders, centers, and kennels, or checking the internet.