Ear, Nose and Throat doctor Terms to Know
Ear, nose, and throat doctors are called otolaryngologists in medical terms. As their name suggests, they are specialist physician who deal with common problems affecting the ears, noses and throats of humans. Some common problems that require seeing one of these specialists involve hearing loss or severe allergies. To find an otolaryngologists the patient is usually referred by their general physician, though they can also find them in a listing service. Below are some common terms associated with ear, nose and throat doctors.
Allergies – These refer to an immune disorder where the human body reacts to particles in the environment. It can include problems such as hives, asthma and eczema, which are recurring problems that, especially in the case of asthma, can lead to an emergency.
Sinusitis – An inflammation in the sinuses, glands inside of the human nose, due to several factors. The disease is commonly attributed to allergies, infections or autoimmune diseases.
Rhinoplasty- A surgery that reconstructs a human nose. This can be done for cosmetic reasons, or for medical reasons, such as the shape of the nose interferes with proper breathing.
Myringotomy – A branch of medicine that deals with severe and recurring ear infections, such as often happen to children. This is sometimes solved by surgery which involves putting tubes in the ears to drain pus and fluid.
Adenoidectomy – A surgical procedure which removes the adenoid glands from the back of the nose. It is used for severe breathing problems and recurring ear infections and is often performed on children.
Tonsillectomy – A surgical procedure that removes the tonsils. This is often done in children if the child suffers from repeated throat infections.