Farming Service Terminology The following are some terms that are related to farming service:
Agribusiness: An agribusiness is a business that focuses on agriculture. True agribusinesses are typically large, commercial operations that are intent on making as much of a profit as possible.
Arable Farm: An arable farm is one that produces crops rather than livestock.
Crop Rotation: Crop rotation is a technique utilized by many farmers. It involves alternating two or more different crops on a particular field. For example, corn will be planted one year and beans the next. This helps keep pests that focus on a specific plant at bay, and it can also help restore certain nutrients to the soil.
Fodder: Fodder is harvested plant matter that will be used during the winter months to feed cattle and other livestock.
High Yielding Varieties: High yielding varieties, or HYVs, of fruits and vegetables have been scientifically advanced to generate more food on a single plant.
Marginal Land: Marginal land is essentially a field that cannot be used to grow crops or sustain livestock. Land can be considered marginal for a variety of reasons, from insufficient nutrients in the soil to an inconvenient location.
Monoculture: Monoculture is growing just one type of crop in a field, as opposed to rotating crops. Monoculture can deplete the nutrients in the soil, and it can also contribute to soil erosion.
Organic Farming: For farming to be considered organic no unnatural chemicals can be used on the soil or crops. This includes pesticides, herbicides, and even fertilizers.
Pastoral Farm: A pastoral farm is one that produces livestock rather than crops.
Sustainable Farming: Sustainable farming focuses on using the land in a way that promotes its continued stability and fertility. Crop rotation, when done properly, is an example of a sustainable farming practice.