Terms Related to Fiber and Fiber Products The following are some terms that are related to fiber and fiber products:
Bale: A bale is a unit of measurement for natural and synthetic textile fiber. Unfortunately, a bale is not a consistent unit of measurement. It is a general term for a bundle or sack of compressed fiber.
Buffer: In fiber optics, a buffer is a thin, protective substance that the filament is coated with.
Carding: Carding is processing spun yarn. The different fibers within the yarn are sorted out, evenly distributed, and are made into webbing. Carding can also be effective at removing undesirable fibers and foreign objects.
Cladding: A fiber optics filament is encased in cladding. The cladding keeps the light within the optical fiber.
Fleece: The term fleece can refer to the entire coat of an animal, like a sheep, that has been removed all at once. Fleece is also a textile known for its tight weave and fuzzy surface.
Grading: Grading is how the quality of fibers, typically natural ones, is determined. There are many factors that influence grading, like the fibers’ strength, length, and fineness.
Jacket: A jacket is the outermost protective covering of a fiber optics cable.
Ply: Ply refers to connecting more than one yarn by twisting them together. This forms a thicker piece of string, a rope, or another type of cord.
Scouring: Scouring is the cleaning of textile fibers. This can be accomplished using a natural soap or with man-made chemicals. Scouring is usually effective at removing dirt, grease, and other impurities from the fibers.
Skirting: Skirting is the process of eradicating unwanted fibers from an animal’s fleece. Skirting removes fibers that are stained or are otherwise unappealing.