The following are some frequently asked questions about fish farms:
What are aquaculture and mariculture? Aquaculture and mariculture are both activities that involve raising aquatic life. Both of these activities could be focused on raising plant life, but they are typically associated with fish farming. Mariculture refers specifically to saltwater growing and breeding. Aquaculture could refer to a garden or hatchery that deals strictly in freshwater life forms, or it can be used to mean any aquatic farming venture. One of the biggest branches of aquaculture is known simply as fish farming.
Why farm fish? Fish farming is most commonly undertaken by large companies seeking to make money. With the increased focus on fatty acids and other health benefits of seafood, fish farming can easily yield a hefty profit. The biggest advantage that farming has over fishing is that an end product is more guaranteed. Hatchery owners do not have to worry about navigating fishing grounds or surviving rough storms. Salmon, tilapia, and other fish are important members of their ecosystems. If too many people collect these animals for consumption then the earth’s oceans, lakes, and rivers will be drastically impacted. Farming fish helps prevent the depletion of these wild fish.
How much space do I need for a fish farm? As with a home aquarium, a fish farms need adequate space for its inhabitants to grow and move around. The size of the tanks or the pond will depend entirely on the number and mature size of the fish being raised. Keep in mind that fish farms also require a lot of equipment to keep chemical levels, temperatures, and other physical attributes of the tanks stable. There are some kinds of aquaculture equipment that are designed to take up less space, but these items are typically intended for noncommercial use.
Fish farms raise game fish like trout, salmon, catfish, carp, tilapia, and tuna as well as tropical and domestic fish like koi in large lakes and ponds. If you operate a food processing company that makes fish products, then you might want to find a fish farm that can supply you with the different types of fish that you need. You can find several farms listed in your online directory. Using these guidelines will help you decide which seafood suppliers in the US have the freshwater and saltwater products that you need. When you contact the game farms, you will want to ask them how long they have been in the hatchery industry to help you determine how much experience they have. Those with lots of experience should have aquacultures that are appropriate for the types of fish and shrimp that you might need. Ask the companies if they use indoor or outdoor ponds and lakes and how many pounds of meat their aquacultures give them each year. You need to make sure that the hatchery you choose is stocking their ponds with all of the game fish that you need, so ask them what types of eggs they are using. When you find a farm that is stocking the breeds that you want, you should ask them to give you written price quotes that include fees for shipping and handling. After you have gotten quotes from several seafood suppliers, you should be able to determine which ones have low prices and which ones charge too much.