Since it's an environmentally-friendly fuel, consumers use natural gas to power products such as fireplaces, stoves, and dryers. Some specialized cars can even run on natural gas instead of petroleum-based gasoline. When you're researching the use of natural gas in place of electricity or oil in your home or office, you'll encounter some important terms that can help you better understand the information.
Natural Gas - A substance made primarily from methane burned to produce heat or provide energy for machines.
Propane - A carbon-based gas made during the production of natural gas or petroleum processing. It is not interchangeable with natural gas.
Deregulation - The process of allowing consumers to select their own companies to provide electricity and other utilities rather than having to use their area's local provider. Not all states have deregulated the natural gas industry.
Budget - A type of billing offered by gas companies to help lower the cost of service in peak months like during the winter. The gas company predicts your usage for the year and then bills you based on this estimate, allowing you to pay around the same price each month.
Line - The pipe that delivers gas to the product that will use it, such as a furnace or a fireplace.
Drilling - The process of removing natural gas from the ground so a company can sell it.
Meter - A device used to measure how much natural gas a building uses. Unless you have a budget bill, the amount shown on the meter determines what you pay.
Pilot Light - A natural gas flame that burns inside of a furnace, water heater, or other appliance that ignites the burner inside of the unit.
Gas and petroleum products are an essential source of energy for countless amounts of items. From powering cars, to lighting fireplaces, gas is a diverse form of fuel. Along with automobiles and fireplaces, it is also commonly used to heat homes and offices. Heating oil and natural gas are some of the most common ways to provide heating for buildings. In addition, propane is a processed form of natural gas that can also be used to warm up buildings, along with igniting stoves and other cooking appliances. Gas stoves typically use electric or pilot ignition sources. Along with powering appliances and heating systems, petroleum is also commonly converted into plastics and is utilized in many consumer products.
Electric and gas power is typically provided to residences and commercial buildings from a utility company. In the United States, a utility company is usually publicly owned. This is because the cost of maintaining pipelines is often very expensive for private companies to be able to operate them. In addition, public utilities are subject to more extensive regulations in regard to environmental and public safety. Likewise, things such as heating bills and meters are closely watched by government agencies to keep the price affordable to consumers. More information about a utility company’s services can usually be found online. In addition, customers have increasingly begun to pay their utility bills online. Overall, the gas and drilling industry is an essential part of the world economy. From powering machines, to keeping people warm, it provides many critical uses for people around the globe.