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Important Geophysics Terms
Geophysicists study a wide range of phenomena that affect life on this planet. Research into the physics of the Earth and its environment often intersects with other scientific disciplines like geology, oceanography, earth science, and biology. Having an understanding of the work geophysicists do will assist you in finding one who can help you. The following terms are helpful to know when contacting geophysicists:
Seismometer: A seismometer is a piece of equipment used by geophysicists and other earth science specialists to measure the movements of ground. Tracking seismic activity allows researchers to locate its sources. Seismometers are used to measure activity caused earthquakes and volcanoes to learn more about them.
Plate Tectonics: Plate tectonics is the study of the movements of Earth’s tectonic plates throughout history. Geophysicists theorize that the world’s plates have moved significantly over time. Movements have resulted in mountain ranges, ocean trenches, volcanoes, and earthquakes along plate edges.
Geomagnetic Field: Earth’s magnetic field extends from its core and surrounds the planet, protecting the environment from the effects of solar wind. The geomagnetic field is also responsible for the operation of compasses.
Geophysical Survey: A geophysical survey locates environmental hazards in an area. For instance, it would address earthquake fault lines and landslide risks. These surveys are also used to locate subsurface contamination or resources for mining.
Oceanography: Oceanography is the study of the ocean. It has considerable overlap with some areas of geophysics. An oceanographer researches things like marine biology, ocean currents, waves, and marine topography.
Geology: Geology is the study of the Earth’s surface and how it changes. Geologists frequently work with things like rocks, sediment, and mineral deposits. Geological research is used to theorize about plate tectonics, evolutionary biology and climate change.
Geophysicists study a wide range of topics relating to Earth science such as physics, meteorology, oceanography, and seismology. These sciences contribute to how geophysicists understand the way the world works so that they can make accurate predictions about things like plate movement, magnetism, gravity, and atmospheric pressure on our planet. These properties have practical applications in many sciences, but they can also be used in engineering. If you need to hire a geophysicist, then you will want to make sure that the one you choose has plenty of experience in an applicable field. Not all of them are experts in the same types of geophysical properties on Earth. For instance, they might focus on hydrology, glaciology, magnetism, theoretical physics, aeronomy, seismology, oceanography, meteorology, or another type of science that is relevant to engineering and environmental studies on Earth. When you contact the geophysicists, you should ask them what types of subjects they focus on so you will know that they can help you with your specific concerns. You should also find out what degrees they hold. Those with higher degrees typically know more about the sciences that they study, so it is best to hire them over those with less experience and education. If you are hiring the geophysicists for a commercial operation, then you will want to make sure that their services can fit into your budget. Ask them how much they charge so that you can compare the rates from different scientists to help you find one that meets your project's budget.