Hydroponics is one of the latest crazes to hit the gardening industry, but the basic principles of this methodology have actually been around for centuries. If you are interested in getting started in the wonderful world of hydroponics, there are a few key terms you need to know.
Hydroponics - A method of growing fruits, vegetables and herbs without the use of soil. Instead, plants are grown in a completely controlled environment, using specialized growing medium and nutrients.
Growing Medium - The material in which the plants grow, which might include rockwool, vermiculite or sand.
Nutrient Solution - A precise blend of water and nutrients to fertilize the plants and help them grow in a room, greenhouse or outdoors.
pH - The hydrogen-hydroxyl ion content in the growing medium, which has a direct effect on the plants ability to absorb nutrients and grow.
Ebb and Flow Systems - Best used for smaller plants, this hydroponic system feeds a garden through a cycle of overflow and drainage.
Drip Systems - Plants are fertilized through a pump that pushes nutrients through tubes and feeds the garden from the top.
Manual Systems - A method of hydroponics that allows nutrients to be added to the garden manually, either from the top or bottom of the plants.
PVC Hydroponics - A hydroponic garden that uses PVC pipe to pump water and nutrients through the plants.
Hydroponic Lighting - Artificial lighting that could be LED or another bulb source, allowing hydroponic gardens to be grown in rooms indoors, year-round. The right LED lighting makes all the difference in how fast and well your plants grow.
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Hydroponic farming is a method of growing crops without the use of soil. Typically, hydroponic crops and plants are grown indoors. Bulbs are placed in water solutions, which contain special nutrients and fertilizers. In addition, most gardens utilize special lamps as a replacement for natural sunlight. These lamps typically use LED lights.
Hydroponic rooms can offer many advantages over traditional growing methods. For instance, water in these gardens are reusable, thus keeping irrigation costs lower than traditional farms. Additionally, the use of LEDs and specially cultivated nutrients allow operators to keep tighter control over crops. Moreover, hydroponic rooms are protected from outdoor pests. Fruit and vegetable yields also tend to be more regular and stable. This is because indoor grow rooms are not subject to the same weather irregularities as outdoor farms.
Most hydroponic farmers rely on special stores and distributors for their equipment and supplies. These outlets commonly provide items such as drains, grow boxes and many other valuable accessories. In addition, stores may offer starter kits for home hydroponic enthusiasts. These kits are often much simpler than advanced commercial systems. Individuals interested in starting their own gardens can often find more information online. Many tutorials and guides are available with detailed explanations of how to properly establish rooms and gardens. Before following directions online, it is best to verify that the information is credible. Along with online resources, many agricultural organizations publish detailed guides regarding the process of building hydroponic greenhouses. Overall, hydroponic greenhouses provide an innovative and important alternative to conventional farming methods.