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Frequently Asked Questions About Lapidaries
Lapidaries are experts at cutting, faceting, polishing and engraving rare and plentiful gem stones using tools, machines, saws and blades. They also smooth down rough rocks, cut diamonds and engrave slabs, often working with such stones as agate, opal, crystal, amethyst and quartz. Check out these frequently asked questions about lapidaries:
What Does Cabochon Cutting Involve? A common practice by lapidaries, this term refers to the cutting of a cabochon stone, which is essentially a gemstone that is shaped and polished instead of faceted. This results in a stone featuring a convex top and a flat bottom side. Cabochon cutting usually involves opaque gems; faceting involves the used of transparent stones. Facets are geometric shapes reflecting the underlying symmetry of a stone’s structure as well as light.
Do You Study Hardstone Carving? This term refers to a practice known within art history and archaeology involving the carving of gemstones, also known as semi-precious stones. These can include anything from jade and agate to onyx and jasper. The studied objects are a cross between jewelry and sculpture, dating back to the Neolithic periods until the 19th century. These stones carried with them special powers and religious significance highly prized within society.
What Types of Tools Do You Use? Lapidaries use many tools and equipment to perform their jobs, such as grinding wheels. These expandable wheels are generally used for grinding and abrasive machining, made up of coarse particles pressed together to create a circular shape. Also comprised of a solid steel or aluminum disc, these wheels are an essential work room piece of equipment for lapidaries.
Lapidaries are professionals that cut, polish, and engrave gem stones of all kinds using specialized tools, machines, saws, and blades. With such tools, lapidaries can smooth down rough rocks, cut diamonds, polish stones, and engrave or carve slabs. Types of gem stones can include topaz, sapphire, emerald, garnet, quartz, mineral, amethyst, crystal, opal, and agate. Precious, semi-precious, and synthetic gemstones, naturally occurring crystalline forms of minerals, are commonly used in jewelry settings such as necklaces, earrings, and bracelets. Gemstones, popular jewelry items, are typically colored and represent birthday months of the year. In order to get these small, smooth facet variations of their large, rough counterparts, the stones must be cut and polished for sale on the open market. If you require the services of a lapidary, look in your local phone book or search online directory listings. Who might use the services of a lapidary? Jewelry stores may hire a lapidary to produce creations for the store. The general public may also consult a lapidary to create unique ornaments, decorations, and jewelry out of carved stone. Some lapidaries specialize in one type of stone, while others may work with a wide variety of stones. Go online to research what lapidaries offer, typical rates, services, local listings, reviews, and history of mineralogy. If you are a lapidary in need of equipment, tools, supplies, machines, and rock tumbler kits, search for suppliers on the Internet. You can visit a dealer near you or have your supplies and equipment shipped to you from a remote location.