When dealing with machinery, it is important to use clear communication to avoid injury or damage. The following terms and definitions will help with some basic new machinery vocabulary:
Bearing: You would be hard pressed to find a piece of machinery that did not have bearings. Sometimes also referred to as ball bearings, these are small metal balls that are used to support a rotating mechanism while simultaneously reducing friction.
Coupling: A coupling is the part or parts that connect the driven load with the motor, or driver. There are generally two halves to a coupling, and one is attached to the motor shaft while the other attaches to the load. Bolts hold the coupling together.
Inverter: The term inverter is usually used to describe an AC unit or drive that uses DC voltage.
Open Machine: An open machine is one that is not a closed unit, but one that operates with open vents and sections to allow for air to work on cooling the engine.
Relay: This is an electronically controlled device that can reverse a circuit when voltage is applied. It is used to open or close a circuit.
Rotor: The rotors in a machine are the rotating sections of an induction motor that has a shaft. Electrical current and magnetic fields are used to keep a rotor in motion or bring it to rest.
Switch: A switch differs from a relay in that it is manually operated, rather than with the use of electrical current.
Torque: Torque is the force applied to a turning shaft that results in rotation. It is measured by multiplying the force applied by the radius in which it acts.
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