Mammograms to Prevent Breast Cancer Breast cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer for women. It is suggested for women to have routine screenings and mammograms to test for breast cancer. If it is diagnosed soon, it is more likely the patient will survive. There usually is little to no pain involved with the early stages of breast cancer.
Women can detect early signs of cancer by noticing anything abnormal. If you notice any changes in the breasts or itchiness tell a medical professional right away. A lump on the breast can be a result of a tumor, but it can also be benign. A cysts and fibroids are generally benign as well, but they can determine that with an ultrasound.
It is recommended that women aged 20-39 have a clinical exam every 3 years. Women over 40 should have one every year. The 2 kinds of mammograms that exist are screening and diagnostic. Screening allows doctors to catch early signs of cancer to prevent. The diagnostic test allows the doctor to learn more about breast masses or lumps that were discovered.
Tiny deposits of calcium may calcify the breasts and this can be found with the mammogram. DCIS and BRCA1 can also be found during mammogram exams. A biopsy may be the next step. A biopsy allows doctors to examine tissue from the breast. A mastectomy is a common treatment for breast cancer. Though quite painful, mastectomy can also be done to prevent breast cancer in patients that are considered high risk. Digital image mammograms are the most recent advancement.