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Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine FAQs
To learn more about neonatal and perinatal medicine, refer to the following frequently asked questions:
What is neonatal and perinatal medicine? Neonatal and perinatal medicine is a type of pediatric medicine that deals with ill or prematurely born infants. Often, you will only find neonatal and perinatal doctors in hospitals, as opposed to clinics or offices, because they primarily deal with critical situations in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, or NICU. Specifically, perinatal doctors are a sub-specialty of neonatal medicine, and can provide medical assistance to a baby that is still in the mother's womb.
What do neonatal and perinatal doctors and nurses do? Neonatal and perinatal doctors and nurses provide care that is needed as a result of a premature birth, a low birth weight, a congenital defect, intrauterine growth retardation, intrauterine hypoxia, and sepsis. Treatments can include specialized administering of medicines, extensive monitoring, and neonatal surgery. The nurses receive specialized training to assist doctors with each of these tasks. Some neonatal doctors will also provide basic evaluations for newborns born within a hospital. Others still will perform research or monitor infants over years as they mature and develop.
What type of training is required? To become a neonatal doctor, a basic medical degree in pediatrics is required. This equates to roughly 8 years of college. After that is complete, a residency or fellowship is required, and that lasts about three years. Neonatal nurses receive similar training, and are capable of diagnosing, planning, prescribing, and treating patients depending upon the rules of the institution where they are employed.
Neonatal, prenatal, and perinatal medicine provides health care services and medicines to newborns, expecting mothers, infants, and unborn babies. Depending on where you live, you should be able to find many medical institutions that offer neonatal and perinatal services. Some people feel that there are so many options to choose from that they cannot decide which facility is right for them. By following these guidelines, though, you should be able to find a baby health care practitioner with all of the medical and nursing services that you need. When you first contact the company, ask them how long they have been in the neonatal and perinatal health care business. Those with several years of experience should have the know-how to care for the baby and mother by giving them vitamins, medication, and advice that will prevent pain, acne, sepsis, and other medical conditions. Find out if the practitioner has a nursing facility and an intensive care unit so that you and your baby will have access to all of the medical care that you need during labor and maternity. Pregnancy can be a beautiful time during your family's life, but you also need to take it seriously because birth can not only cause small problems like skin irritation but major problems as well, like sepsis, which causes the whole body to swell. Doctors and nurses who understand the epidemiology specific to your condition will be able to give you the best care, so ask them what their qualifications are so that you can decide if you feel safe getting your health services from them.