Nephrologist Terminology The following are some terms you may encounter while dealing with a nephrologist.
Allograft: An allograft is a transplant of an organ or tissue from one individual to another.
Biopsy: A biopsy is an examination of a body part. In order to perform a biopsy, a very small piece of the bladder, kidney, or other body part must be removed and inspected under a microscope.
Cross-matching: Cross-matching is checking to assure that the blood of a donor and the blood of a recipient are compatible. This is essential in determining whether or not the body of a donation recipient will accept the donor’s organ.
Dialysis: Dialysis is a medical procedure, typically performed under the direction of a nephrologist, that removes waste from the blood. This is necessary when a patient’s kidneys do not function properly.
Hematocrit: Hematocrit is a method that doctors use to determine how many red blood cells are present in a patient’s blood.
Intravenous Pyelogram: An intravenous pyelogram examines the urinary tract via x-ray. A special fluid must be injected into the patient in order to perform an intravenous pyelogram. Intravenous pyelograms are able to locate urinary tract obstructions.
Nuclear Scan: A nuclear scan examines the kidneys, including their function and structure. This is accomplished through the use of a mildly radioactive fluid that is injected into the body, which is tracked via x-ray.
Nephropathy: Nephropathy is an internal medicine term that refers to a kidney disease. There are doctors who specialize in nephrology, or the study of kidneys.
Renal: Renal is an internal medicine term that refers to an illness, disease or disorder having to do with the kidneys. For instance, renal failure is kidney failure and renal disease is a disease in the kidney.