Terms Related to Oil Field Equipment and Supplies The following are some terms that are related to oil field equipment and supplies:
Ballast tank: Ballast tanks are commonly found on offshore oil or natural gas rigs. These containers, which are typically filled with water, contribute to the stability of the structure.
Blowout preventers: Blowouts are uncontrolled blasts of oil or natural gas from a well. Blowout preventers are special pieces of equipment that keep track of the pressure within the well to help keep blowouts from happening.
Casing: Casing refers to the steel forms that are attached to the inside of a drill hole. The goal of these oil field supplies is to consolidate the hole’s interior.
Derrick: The derrick is the large apparatus that is assembled above an oil well. The derrick is the tower that lowers, lifts, and supports the drilling equipment.
Jacket: A jacket is an offshore oil or natural gas rig assembly. It includes the support at the bottom of the water and the deck above the water.
Manifold: A manifold is a series of pipes and valves that guide the petroleum or other pumped substance to production locations.
Platform: The platform is the part of an offshore oil or natural gas rig that runs the well. These facilities must be elevated above the water.
Separator: A separator is what detects and divides the various liquids and other substances that are collected from wells. Separators are typically located at the well’s exit.
Vent: An well vent is important because it releases gases from the hole. This prevents unnecessary pressure from building up, which could easily result in a blowout or similar event.
Wellhead: The wellhead is the entire system of nozzles, gauges, valves, and other mechanical devices that help operate a well. This equipment often resembles a tree, which is why it is sometimes referred to as the Christmas tree.