Terms Related to Oil Field Equipment Repairing The following are some terms that are related to oil field equipment repairing:
Bell nipple: A bell nipple is a large piece of tubing that is found on a casing string. This equipment helps direct drilling tools into the borehole.
Blowout: A blowout is an unwanted discharge of pressure from within a well. This can cause natural gas or petroleum to shoot wildly from the well. This is extremely dangerous, especially if the blowout catches fire, and will need to be repaired immediately. If blowout preventers are kept in good repair then the chance of this happening is drastically reduced.
Cat line: A cat line is a smaller cable that helps move around drill strings, tools, and other important parts. Cat lines can also be used to help release or tauten oil well components.
Chainhand: A chainhand is an oil field worker who oversees a lot of the rig’s maintenance. Chainhands typically focus on the machine motors, chains, and pipes.
Fish: In an oil field a fish is an object that unintentionally falls down a well. This may cause production issues or safety concerns. There are special fishing tools that are used to retrieve lost parts.
Kick: A kick is a small blast of pressurized gas. This burst enters the borehole and can shift the drilling fluid around. Kicks are often indicators of potential blowouts.
Kill: To kill an oil field is to cease its production. This is sometimes necessary in order to fix major problems.
Pig: A pig is a well cleaning supply. This piece of equipment has brushes and blades attached to it that scrape out the interior of a borehole. This process is called pigging.
Toolhand: A toolhand is an individual who works for another company but who is hired to perform a certain task at the oil field. Toolhands have special equipment at their disposal.
Wellhead: A wellhead is the entire system, including everything from nozzles to pressure gauges, that is located at the entrance to borehole. This is the equipment that aids in virtually every aspect of petroleum or natural gas production.