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Oil Well Service Terminology
Oil well services are essential for difficult tasks like offshore drilling, storing petroleum products in tanks, and using new technology for crude oil exploration. This is a major industry, because millions of homes and businesses utilize natural gas and oil every day. Large rigs are often set up offshore for drilling and tubing. Maps and GPS devices are also used to locate oil reserves in various regions. Below you will find a list of terms and definitions that pertain to this industry.
Annular Blowout Preventer – This is a well control device that is typically installed above a ram preventer. It is used to form a seal in between the pipe and well bore. In cases where no pipe is used, the preventer device is simply placed over the well bore.
Bottomhole Pump – A rod, centrifugal, or high-pressure pumping device that is used in the bottom or near the bottom of a well. This pumping device basically lifts the liquid or oil material upward.
Dampener – An inert gas or air device that reduces pressure surges. These are used in the output lines of mud pumps, and are also referred to as surge dampeners.
Mandrel – This is a cylindrical spindle, bar, or shaft that fits in a tube. Parts typically surround this shaft and may be attached to it. A mandrel is commonly found on oil rigs, and is part of the equipment used for drilling.
Reeve – A line or wire rope that is used as a drilling line. A reeve runs through the sheaves and to the hoisting drum. This part is needed for oil well drilling and collecting.
Oil, used to heat buildings and power cars, is crucial to the operation of many facets of living. Oil is a slippery, viscous, combustible fluid used as a lubricant and fuel source. It is extracted from the ground, either onshore or offshore through drilling. Oil well companies are responsible for drilling, mud logging and testing oil for a variety of purposes. The oil is then sold to gas stations, commercial companies, pipeline companies, industrial plants, and residential customers to not only heat homes but also to fuel and lubricate vehicles and mechanical parts.
The price of oil fluctuates with the market. Oil well services provided by a drilling company may include things like offshore industry management, sub sea dives, production, rigging, and casing. Professionals within these companies consult with other companies to provide oil for their needs. Armed with knowledge of the petroleum industry, professionals can complete testing and development, well control, and well intervention.
Actual drilling takes place out on the rigs, which help reach, pump, and lift oil from wells. Oil well services may provide maintenance services for rigs as well. These companies offer project management solutions, led by teams of workers like engineers.
An oil well company supplies clients with the necessary tools to lift, pump, transport, and test oil for the petroleum industry. This business is usually a family affair, with operations being passed down through the generations. Manufacturing processes can be a big part of the offerings, as well, such as the manufacture of land-based and offshore oil drilling rigs. They may supply all major mechanical components for the rigs, perform inspections and do supply chain management for oil and natural gas processes.