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Common Piano Tuning, Repairing and Refinishing Terms
Antique pianos and even newer models will require repairing and tuning at some point. Older pianos and musical instruments may even require refinishing services. Piano repair providers can do anything from simple tuning to a complete overhaul. While certain parts may need to be repaired in some older pianos, others will need a complete refinishing. Piano refinishing is the installation of new parts inside the instrument. Providers may find these parts from similar models from the era the piano was built. The restoration process may involve the installation or adjusting of strings. Fixing the piano will ensure the notes are played at the right pitch and the wood has been restored to its original look.
Soundboard - A soundboard is the softwood resonating agent where the vibration from the strings amplifies the tone.
Chord - A chord is a musical pattern that involves playing three or more notes at the same time.
Octave - An octave is a succession of eight notes on a scale.
Tuning Pin - A tuning pin on a piano is a metal pin that is inserted into the keyboard to ensure the notes are played in the right key.
Tuning Hammer - A tuning hammer is a type of wrench that fits over the tuning pins and features a long handle that allows repairers to tune the instrument.
Piano Reconditioning - Piano reconditioning involves restoring the condition of existing piano parts to their original functions.
Grand Piano - A grand piano features strings and a frame that are horizontal and extend away from the keyboard. Upright pianos have vertical strings and are typically less expensive.
Pianos date back to the late fifteenth or early sixteenth century. An Italian string instrument maker used his knowledge of stringed instruments to create an upright unit. Following the first stringed instrument, other forms emerged - Grands, Organs and Spinets. In the electronic age, electronic keyboards emerged. Thanks to skilled restoration, some of these earliest instruments still exist.
You can perform basic maintenance. Polish the exterior wood with lemon oil. Dust the keys and surfaces with a vacuum attachment or feather duster. A professional should be used to provide installation, tuning, refinishing, and repairs.
Humidity fluctuations and frequent use affect sound quality. Humidity levels warp the wooden components – keys, soundboard, and wooden exterior. Warped surfaces need refinishing. Ask a professional for tips on controlling humidity within your grand instrument.
Household instruments require professional tuning every six months. Concert instruments need adjustments prior to every performance. A psychoacoustic tuner uses a tuner hammer and listens for the correct octave. This hammer has a socket wrench on one end to adjust tuner pins. These pins tighten the strings that stretch over the soundboard.
When you hit the black or white keys, the key triggers a felt hammer. This felt hammer hits the string to create the note. If the felt becomes too hard, sound quality deteriorates. A tool called a voicing needle softens the felt. If the hammer becomes worn from excessive use, a file is used to restore the shape.
Regular maintenance preserves the life of your upright string instrument. Improperly tuned equipment sounds wrong to the pianist and listener. The longer it remains out of tune, the harder it is to fix. A piano installation and repair provider keeps your equipment sounding new.