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Pump Service & Repair Terms
Manual pumps have been used for thousands of years to transport water. Today, engineers have created complex appliances to move water supplies and power industrial systems. These basic terms may help you pinpoint which technicians to contact for pump installation, repair or maintenance, or to inquire about pumps for sale.
Gear pump – This is a type of hydraulic pump that utilizes rotating meshed gears to propel liquid forward.
Hydraulic motor – These devices convert the energy generated by pressurized liquid motion into power.
Jet pump – Jet pumps draw water from shallow wells.
Oil cooler – Oil coolers are fans in hydraulic motors that keep oil from overheating.
Piston pump – This is a complex system of pistons, piston shoes, swash plates, cylinder barrels and other parts. Piston pumps serve industrial purposes.
Pneumatic pump – A pneumatic pump moves air instead of water.
Pressure head – In hydraulic pump systems, this measurement denotes how much energy is in water due to water pressure.
Submersible pump – This kind of pump is specially designed to go underwater and is commonly used in wells and ponds.
Sump pump – Sump pumps are placed into a hole in a basement, where excess water pools. They suction the water to a proper drainage outlet, such as a well or storm drain. They can be electric or run on battery power.
Vacuum – Pump vacuums create negative pressure that suctions water forward.
Valve – A valve is a part that controls the flow of liquid through pumps. Common valve repair needs include having upgraded reliefs installed and seals inspected for leaks.
From the earliest manual models, pumps have been used to move water, oil, air, or any other substance from one place to another and are as ubiquitous as the shoe of the same name. Most pumps, from hydraulic pool models to electric sump appliances that remove water from basements, operate under the same principle, using vacuum pressure attained with air-tight valves or gears for displacement to move materials from one place to another. Pump systems can be found anywhere, and are installed in everything from natural and man-made ponds to motor vehicles. In order to keep these appliances running, they typically require regular maintenance from a skilled technician.
There are a few types of pumps that are commonly installed in homes, pools and ponds today. Submersible models work under the water. While the hidden nature of this system makes them attractive to many, they are more difficult to install and repair as they are submerged and out of reach. Hydraulic pedestal pumps are typically placed above the area from which the water or oil will be removed, expelling the substance through a tube feeding jets of water out of the flooded area or into a water supply.
Most home improvement and hardware stores carry a full line of pumps and parts for residential use. Options that are available for sale are often engineered to work with two different power sources, a plug and a battery, to ensure they will work during a power outage. Newer upgrades to pump technology have made them operate more quietly and efficiently than older models. Representatives from a shopper's store of choice will often provide information on the best model for their particular needs, as well as provide the opportunity to inspect the available options.