Terms Related to Rock Climbing Instructions The following are some terms that are related to rock climbing instructions:
Abseil: To abseil in rock climbing is to descend, or rappel down, a sturdy rope.
Belay: To belay is to offer a rock climber protection by running his or her rope through special equipment that creates friction. The friction created by belay devices can slow down and even help stop an unintended descent.
Campus: To campus is to climb a wall or other object without using the feet. Extensive training using a campus board or a finger board is needed. This equipment can help strengthen the fingers and arm locks.
Carabiner: Carabiners are climbing tools that connect the ropes, pitons, and other equipment. Carabiners are sturdy metal rings or D shaped objects that have spring loaded gates. Weak, imitation carabiners are often sold to be used as key chains.
Dynamic rope: Dynamic rope has some elasticity to it, while static rope does not.
Grade: The grade of a mountain or a wall commonly refers to the subjective rating of how difficult that indoor or outdoor surface is to climb. Grade may also refer to the incline of a rock face, which is an unbiased distinction.
Jamming: Jamming is a rock climbing technique where the climber wedges into a gap within the wall’s face. Face climbing does not typically include jamming because it focuses on using the hands and feet to move upwards.
Piton: A piton is a piece of gear with a hole in it that carabiners and similar items can be attached to. Pitons are typically shaped like a knife, which makes them easier to wedge into a hole or crack in the rock.
Rack: A rack is a set of gear that is lugged along the course with the climber. Rack may also refer to the loops on a climber’s harness that can be used to hang equipment from.
Smearing: Smearing is using friction to climb, as opposed to actual hand or foot holds.