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Popular School-Related Terms
Most of us think of school as the place we go as children, taking the journey from elementary school to junior high or middle school, then on to high school and perhaps college. Today’s students also have additional choices, from private and boarding schools that may require uniforms and charge a higher tuition, to online classes that can be taken at home by computer. Here are a few terms to become familiar with if you’re getting ready to send your kids to school – or are considering going back yourself.
Scholarship – An arrangement where the school covers the tuition and related costs for a student to attend, either as a result of exceptional skills or financial need. Many private schools offer partial and full scholarships.
Magnet School – There are many kinds of magnet schools. Most, however, are public schools that provide a unique and specialized curriculum, such as math, arts or computer science, and strive for higher academic standards. They attempt to attract high-caliber students, and stress both achievement and racial diversity in their recruiting practices.
Charter Schools – Publicly funded schools that are exempt from the rules that pertain to state schools in any district.
Prep School – Short for preparatory school, this is a private secondary school that prepares students for college.
Primary Education – The first stage of education, also referred to as elementary education. Some areas consider preschool as the first step in a primary education.
Academic Performance Index – A statewide ranking of elementary, middle school and public high schools based on student test scores.
Pupil-Teacher Ratio – The total student enrollment divided by the number of full-time teachers. This calculation can help you to determine the average class size in a district’s schools.
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Education is a foundational element of all societies and cultures. From elementary, middle and high schools, all the way to universities, each of these institutions provide indispensable forms of knowledge and growth to individuals. School districts typically require children to enroll in schools at an early age. Kids are placed into kindergarten classes, often at public elementary schools. From there, they go on to grade school and then proceed to complete their middle and high school education.
There are also many alternatives to public institutions. Some families may choose to place their children in private or preparatory institutions. These schools often require their students to wear special uniforms. They may also have a different curriculum and different policies compared to public school districts. It is also common for many families to home school their children. Others may place their kids in special boarding, charter, magnet or art academies.
After completing a primary education, many individuals choose to receive further scholarships. This often allows people to gain knowledge and training for specific professions, which subsequently helps increase their career prospects. Unlike primary school, individuals must apply before being accepted into these institutions. In addition, they must often pay a tuition fee. Students choose to enroll in a wide range of fields. For instance, business, film, law and medical colleges are common places for people seeking advanced training. In addition, nursing schools are popular vocational institutions. Some universities also teach special summer courses to the public. Unlike graduate courses, they often do not require special admittance. More information about an academy’s curriculum can typically be found online. Overall, these institutions play a valuable role in aiding the knowledge and development of individuals around the globe.