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Rancho Cordova, California - Sheriffs Departments search results Premier Listings

Law Enforcement Terms for the Law Abiding Citizen

For most citizens, almost everything they know about their local law enforcement officers comes from television. But even if you follow the letter of the law, knowing who's out there protecting the streets and what their specific responsibilities are is a good thing. What follows are a few terms that can help the average person sort out the shades of blue in the law enforcement community.

  • Jail - Differs from prison in one significant manner, not every inmate has necessarily been convicted of a crime. Some inmates who have been arrested and charged with a crime, but are unable to come up with bail, may await their trial in jail. Once a person is convicted of a serious crime, they are usually sent to a state or federal prison.
  • County Sheriff - Generally the top law enforcement official at the county level. Sheriffs are generally elected officials and may or may not have any previous criminal justice experience. In many sparsely populated areas the Sheriff's department serves as the local police force.
  • Criminal History Check - Because all adult arrests are a matter of public record, any citizen can access them. Most police and sheriff’s departments will, for a fee, print out a list of arrests and convictions for any individual.
  • Felony - Any crime that carries a minimum one year sentence is usually considered a felony. The consequences of a felony conviction are more severe than a misdemeanor.
  • Misdemeanor - Crimes that carry a minimum sentence of less than a year. That sentence is usually carried out in the county jail rather than a state or Federal prison.
    National Sheriffs' Association
    Alexandria, VA 22314
    Since 1940, the National Sheriffs' Association has been dedicated to serving the community and establishing public safety through law enforcement. Providing security on a national, state and local level.
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    Placer County of
    10820 Justice Center Dr, Roseville, CA 95678
    (916) 408-6244
    Sacramento County Sheriffs Office
    711 G St, Sacramento, CA 95814
    (916) 874-5115
    Sacramento County District Attorney
    901 G St, Sacramento, CA 95814
    (916) 874-6218
    Sacramento County Sheriffs Office
    700 N 5th St, Sacramento, CA 95811
    (916) 874-1413
    Sacramento County of
    700 H St Ste 6720, Sacramento, CA 95814
    (916) 874-5586
    Sacramento County of
    651 I St, Sacramento, CA 95814
    (916) 874-6752
    Sacramento County of
    7000 65th St Ste B, Sacramento, CA 95823
    (916) 876-8300
    Rio Cosumnes Correctional Center
    12500 Bruceville Rd, Elk Grove, CA 95757
    (916) 874-1927
    Yolo County Sheriff-Coroner Office
    140a Tony Diaz Way, Woodland, CA 95776
    (530) 668-5245
    Placer County Sheriff-Coroner Office
    2929 Richardson Dr Ste C, Auburn, CA 95603
    (530) 889-7846
    Placer County Sheriff-Coroner Office
    2929 Richardson Dr Ste B, Auburn, CA 95603
    (530) 889-7900
    El Dorado County Sheriffs Office
    300 Fair Ln, Placerville, CA 95667
    (530) 642-4700
    Sutter County of
    1077 Civic Center Blvd, Yuba City, CA 95993
    (530) 822-7307
    Yuba County Sheriff-Coroner Office
    215 5th St Ste 150, Marysville, CA 95901
    (530) 749-2176
    Yolo County Sheriff-Coroner Office
    10 Abbey St, Winters, CA 95694
    (530) 666-6612

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