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Soil Conservation Service Terms to Know
Soil conservation is important in ensuring the presence and natural fertility of topsoil. The United States Department of Agriculture has soil conservation guidelines. Following are some soil conservation terms.
Erosion – Erosion, or degradation, is the natural disintegration of land. It is caused by water and wind, but human activity can increase erosion.
Flood Plain – Flood plains are the areas surrounding bodies of water that are at almost the same level as the water. These areas are prone to flooding, which increases erosion of the land.
Minimum Tillage – This is the gathering of crops with nominal soil disruption. This method of harvesting leaves a lot of residue from previous crops at the surface of the soil, which can improve the level of nutrients present.
Percolation – Percolation is the movement of water down through soil. A soil survey test kit may be able to help determine the percolation rate of a sample.
Permeability – Permeability refers to the ability of a material, like soil, to allow air and water to pass through it. A soil survey or test kit may be able to help determine the permeability of a sample.
Soluble – A substance that is capable of being dissolved or loosened.
Terrace – Terraces are steps or ridges created in sloping land to promote soil conservation. Terraces help fight erosion by slowing the movement of water down the surface of the slope. They also aid in irrigation.
Waterway – These are ditches around fields that are lined with grass. Waterways are created to guide excess water away from a field. They play an important role in soil conservation.
Windbreaks – Windbreaks are groups of trees and shrubs that are specifically arranged to hold the soil in place and prevent wind erosion. Windbreaks also provide a building or livestock with shelter from the elements.
Soil conservation services help communities, companies, cooperatives, and individuals test soil and develop natural erosion prevention techniques to impede degradation. There are many different conservation service businesses and organizations that offer tests and irrigation for water and land districts. You can find many of these organizations listed in the online directory. Some people find, however, that it is difficult for them to determine which organization is best for their agriculture, reform, and salinity projects because there are so many options available. If you follow these guidelines, though, you should be able to determine which soil conservation service organizations are right for you. First, you need to find a company that has several years of experience. Ask them if they have ever worked on state or federal projects. If they have, then find out if they have worked on any in your locality to be sure they know what types of soil you have there. Ask them if they use surveys and natural test kits that are approved by the department or agriculture. If the organizations have lots of experience with companies, security research, and resource testing, then you should ask them to quote a price for their services. The amount of money that they charge might depend on whether you are located in an urban or rural area, what sort of water resources your district has, how you want to improve erosion, and whether you have an insurance provider that will help cover the costs of the testing. After talking to several companies, you can compare their prices to choose the lowest one.