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Speech Pathology Terms to Know
Speech pathologists assist clients with a wide range of speech related problems. Problems with language as well as physical difficulties may be addressed by speech pathologists. Many patients find it useful to know the specific terms are used to identify the different types of problems, as well as treatments.
Expressive Language - The ability to convey thoughts using language. There are some people who need treatment in order to properly convey what they want to express.
Receptive Language - The ability to understand communication using language.
Dysfluency - Stammering or stuttering. The cause is often psychological, and unrelated to the patient's level of intelligence.
Autism - A spectrum of disorders which affect, among other areas, social and language development. Specialized schools may assist in treatment and aiding patients in increasing language usage.
Specific Language Impairment - A delay in language development unrelated to intelligence, autism, hearing loss, or other known causes. Treatment and therapy may include training drills, social practice, and even work with specialized computer software.
Auditory Processing Disorder - Difficulty with perception and mental processing of sounds. Patients generally do not have any physical impairment.
Dysphagia - Difficulty with swallowing. Patients may experience dysphagia because of many different causes. In addition to a speech impediment, patients may suffer from other difficulties related to this problem.
Articulation Disorder - Difficulty with pronouncing specific sounds. Lisps are one type of articulation disorder. A program of speech therapy, training and practice may assist with these problems.
Dysphonia - A medical term for speech disorders. These often affect the vocal cords have any number of physical causes.
Hearing Loss - Difficulty or inability to hear speech can severely impede a child's speech development. Many schools offer accommodations for students with hearing loss.
Having a child that struggles or speaks with a lisp, stutters, or has a speech impediment can be difficult on parents. While this may sound like a major problem to many, there are ways to train children how to improve their speaking skills and improve their communication skills at school or in the home.
Kids are not the only ones that have speech problems. In fact, quite a few adults need the assistance of a speech pathologist to correct certain vocal issues including aphasia which is the loss of language skills caused by damage to the brain, often resulting from a stroke.
Through proper speech therapy in a private clinic or at school, usually with the assistance of a speech pathologist, individuals can improve their language and speaking skills. Parents should not delay getting their child involved in a program or class that can train them to use proper diction through a series of audio and computer software programs. Once diagnosed, a person should get the necessary therapy right away.
It is important to understand that kids can learn how to improve their speaking skills if given the proper guidance. If their speech is impaired in any way, shape, or form, there are many great resources and therapists out there that are trained on improving their vocal skills. While it may be frustrating to parents, it is even more frustrating to their children because they might feel as if they are different. Once the child receives the necessary treatment, they will begin to sound much more clear and easily be understood by their parents, classmates, and teaching instructors.