Trial attorneys are lawyers who focus on courtroom cases. They may further specialize in many different areas of law. Understanding common legal terms and areas of specialization can assist in selecting the appropriate trial attorney.
Paralegal - A trained professional who assists lawyers. They aid with research and preparation for trial.
Law Firm - A business with multiple practicing lawyers. These practices may be structured in multiple ways, and often employ paralegals. Like lawyers themselves, firms may specialize in a limited number of areas.
Personal Injury - Any case which involves damage to a person. The damage may be physical, mental or emotional. Injury may be due to an accident, assault, malpractice, or any number of other causes.
Medical Law - A type of law surrounding the medical industry. Malpractice and confidentiality are major issues addressed by medical law. Personal injury cases may also fall under medical law.
Criminal Defense - A specialization for the defense of accused parties in civil or criminal trials. Criminal defense lawyers assist clients in raising and presenting defense to the accusations.
Family Law - Legal cases relating to domestic relationships. Marriage, civil unions, divorce, adoption, and domestic violence cases are all types of family law cases.
Bankruptcy - The official declaration that a person or business is unable to pay their debts. The debts are then erased and any non-essential assets are liquidated. Many lawyers specialize in bankruptcy, and can assist clients in selecting the appropriate type of bankruptcy for their specific circumstances.
Juvenile Crime - Law related to crimes committed by minors. Many jurisdictions have specific laws and statutes related to juveniles.
When criminals commit crimes they are put to trial by a jury of their peers. When this happens, they need to find a defense lawyer. A defense lawyer is a type of trial lawyer, or an attorney who generally takes on cases that go to trial. There are many other kinds of trial lawyers, such as a personal injury attorney, a medical malpractice attorney and a public defense attorney.
When a case cannot be resolved in arbitration, or outside of the courts, the case is taken to trial. Generally, these legal cases are brought to court because the plaintiff, or the accuser, feels that the defendant, or the person being accused of the crime, has broken the law. They may work on cases for the victims of car and motorcycle accidents, hospital neglect or even rape and murder. Even bankruptcy cases may go to trial.
Depending on what crime was committed, the trial may be held in the state or federal justice system. When the state laws and federal laws are in direct conflict, this is called preemption. Usually, the justice system offers juvenile offenders, or offenders under the age of 18, a lesser sentence than an adult.
If you find yourself in need of this kind of legal counsel, be sure to go to a lawyer from a reputable firm. There are a lot of firms out there that are just looking to take your money, and you don’t want to be the victim of a scam when you are already out looking for justice.