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Important Trucking Motor Freight Terms
The trucking and shipping business has become a multimillion dollar industry, carrying freight to all corners of the nation and beyond. While it may not be as fast as air travel or have an international option, it's often preferred over air and rail, because of its cost and efficiency. When contemplating freight options, it's important to understand some of the many terms used in the industry.
Logistics - The plan and implementation of managing the product from the warehouse to the store. The more efficient a company's logistics, the more money it saves. It serves both domestic and international shipping.
Flatbed - A type of trailer used to ship the product. A flatbed is a trailer with no sides and is used to ship large machinery, from standard to express.
Fleet - Trucks owned by a specific company used to move the product from one place to another.
Breakbulk cargo - Oddly shaped cargo that cannot be easily stacked. The cargo is usually shipped on a pallet and wrapped in shrinkwrap to prevent movement during transit.
Broker - The person that organizes movement of the product for a company in exchange for a portion of the profit.
Motor Trucking - Using a motor driven truck, versus air or rail carrier, for transporting a product.
Rate - The amount of payment per mile or hour the driver makes when hauling a load.
Independent - A trucking operator who is not employed by a specific company and instead is contracted to deliver specific loads for a set price.
Bill of lading - The terms between the company shipping the product and the carrier. It outlines everything, such as the amount and type of product, destination and payment rate.
Piggyback - The term used to describe hauling truck trailers via rail to a specific destination.
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Trucking motor freight companies provide transportation, logistics, tracking, and delivery of all kinds of freight. Such companies may utilize flatbeds, carriers, 18-wheelers, and pick-up trucks to transport bulk cargo. Many offer express shipping, offering varying kinds of containers to haul loads locally or nationally.
Businesses may decide to hire truck brokers, who act as intermediaries between shipping companies and carriers. Such brokers can negotiate deals and keep tabs on the status of shipments. Trucking is an alternative to rail or ocean freight transportation, but these components are sometimes used in conjunction, especially when cargo requires distribution overseas.
Motor freight trucking companies can help customers with the logistics of their transportation needs, whether for short or long hauls, large or small jobs, or interstate or
international purposes. Many companies have a specialty, but most offer the basics. Many trucks feature temperature controlled units to keep items like food fresh for long periods of time. Fleets of trucks are utilized for a variety of customers and jobs.
Sub categories of this industry may include trucking companies, consolidated freight companies, bulk freight services, flatbed freight carriers, and oversized freight carriers. Trucking had its start in this country in the early 1900s. At first, it was slow-going. Then, when rubber air-filled tires came along in about 1920, trucking started to take off, as travel was made infinitely easier.
Consumers looking for a quality trucking motor freight company can start their search online for brokers and providers offering the services they are looking for, such as flatbed freight carriers, express service, and distribution of goods.