Urology doctors specialize in the diagnosis, care and treatment of conditions that affect the male and female genital organs and the urinary tract. Prior to being examined by a urologist, it may be helpful to know the meaning of several terms that may be discussed during the visit.
Bladder – The urinary bladder is a hollow organ located in the pelvic cavity that collects urine before it is excreted.
Prostate – A walnut-sized gland in males that may become enlarged, but can be corrected through surgery.
Kidneys – A pair of organs that help the body maintain proper water and electrolyte balance, and filter waste. A urologist may be consulted to treat several conditions that affect the kidneys, including kidney stones.
Vasectomy – A vasectomy is a surgical procedure performed on males to cause sterilization. It may be performed by a doctor as an in-patient or outpatient operation. A urologist can also reverse the procedure should a patient request it.
Catheter – A catheter is a tube used to release or inject fluids into the body. A doctor may recommend or require a catheter to treat a condition that affects the urinary tract.
Diuretic – To treat high blood pressure or fluid retention, a urology doctor may prescribe a diuretic, which increases the amount of water in the urine and helps to remove excess fluid from the body.
Robotic Surgery – Several urinary surgical procedures are now performed through robotic assisted treatments. As a method of patient care this type of procedure is less invasive and may bring about faster recuperation.
Urologists are medical specialists who focus on the body's urinary tract. Men and women seek medical attention from a doctor for issues relating to this field. Patients are often referred from their primary physicians who have initially diagnosed a problem or area of concern. A urologist has the necessary training to make a diagnosis and perform any necessary procedures.
Males often seek urology care for care of the reproductive system which is connected with the urinary tract. They may seek care to treat a variety of problems. Or, they may be interested in having a vasectomy. This surgery is often performed in a health clinic or center. The procedure is considered out patient and the recovery time does not require a hospital stay. Prostate issues are also common especially in older males.
Female patients often seek treatment from a doctor for overactive bladder or incontinence. Urology care may include prescribing medications or in more severe cases, surgery. Advances in medical technology have made procedures less invasive and shorten recovery time. Often procedures are performed through laser technology or robotic means.
Pediatric urology is another branch of the discipline. Congenital disorders may be present such as abnormalities of the genitals or underdeveloped urinary tract. Kidney stones are another common ailment that affects both men and women and are treated by urologists. Once necessitating surgery, current procedures are non-invasive. Patients seek the advice and treatment of urologists ranging from vasectomy to the dissolution of kidney stones. Seeking a referral from your primary care physician is the most reliable means of selecting a urologist to meet your needs.