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Common Utility Service Terms
A utility is a privately or publicly owned company that manages infrastructures used to provide public services. Utility companies are either owned by the government or closely regulated, so that affordable access to resources is widely available. Below are six terms used to describe public services provided by a utility company.
Hydroelectricity – Electricity generated using the power of flowing water, typically through dams. Hydroelectricity can be used to power lights, household, appliances, or industrial machinery in areas near a dam. Hydroelectricity is a renewable source of alternative energy.
Wind Power – An environmentally friendly method of generating electricity through the use of wind mills and wind turbines. Wind power is generated at sites called wind farms, where wind energy is collected and fed into the local power grid.
Biogenic Gas – A type of natural gas, composed primarily of methane, that is produced by the decomposition of organic matter. Sources of biogenic gas include landfills, swamps, manure, and water treatment facilities. Biogenic gas from landfills and water treatment facilities can be used to create electricity, and burns cleaner than traditional energy sources, like oil and coal.
Thermogenic Gas – Natural gas created by the decay of buried organic materials. Thermogenic gas is extracted from the earth and processed by natural gas providers for use in commercial and residential properties.
Sewage Treatment – The process of purifying water to make it safe for use. Sewage treatment plants take in storm runoff and household waste water and remove waste products so the water can be safely reintroduced into the environment.
Telecommunications Services – Services that enable long distance communication. Telecommunications suppliers offer phone, internet, satellite, and radio communication services.
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