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Cold Storage Terminology for Food Industry Newbies
Cold storage facilities are an essential component of the food industry. Virtually every piece of food that hits the American dinner table spends some time in climate controlled warehouse. Not surprisingly, there's a lot more to these cold storage warehouses than just a cold room. Behind every piece of food sitting on a pallet is a complex logistics chain that includes transportation, delivery and storage.
Air Changes - The number of times the volume of air is replaced per hour in a stationary or mobile climate controlled container.
Back Up Generators - Every cold storage facility should have an emergency plan for dealing with power outages. These plans normally rely on a set of diesel powered generators that kick in when the primary power source goes out. Anyone storing perishable food items in a commercial facility should inquire about the company's back up power plan.
Cold Storage - Any refrigerated storage facility with a sustained temperature between 0-65 degrees Fahrenheit.
Cool Storage - A climate controlled facility with a temperature between 40-65 degrees Fahrenheit.
Dew Point - This term refers to the temperature at which condensation begins forming on items in the container or facility.
Dry Storage - Any mobile or stationary storage facility that is not cool, cold or frozen. Most warehouses would fall into this category.
Logistics - This catch all term refers to the overall process of transporting people or products from one point to another.
Pallets - The wooden platforms on which materials are stored. Pallets are designed to be moved by forklifts or manual pallet jacks. Some facilities may charge a fee for pallets.
Cold storage warehouses and containers are located all over the United States. After all, many people and businesses require these climate controlled storage units in order to transport and house goods. As you may have seen before, there are mobile containers or semi trailers that can be used for hauling perishable foods. The refrigerated trailers keep the internal temperature cooled to a certain degree so that no food gets spoiled during transport. Then the foods can be stored in a room or freezer unit until they are shipped to a grocery store or supermarket location.
Countless food companies relay on cold storage facilities and climate controlled warehouses. These units are typically insulated in order to prevent the inside atmosphere from getting hot. Perishable food products are also packaged in a certain way so they do not get damaged. Some storage units and mobile trailers even have backup generators that ensure climate control. The logistics may vary depending on the type of product or perishable food being dealt with. In the US alone, there are cold storage warehouse facility locations rented daily. These warehouses are designed for both delivery and pickup access, which makes it easy for truck drivers to access them. As you likely know, food products are taken from storage containers and warehouses, and distributed to stores daily.
You should use the World Wide Web in order to learn more about this business. In fact, this is a great way to get more specifics and details, since they are provided on the official websites of these businesses.