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Terms to Know About Water Analysis
Corporate, industrial, environmental and private individuals occasionally have to have their water tested. The water examination process will check for pollution, waste or chemicals in the liquid that could cause problems such as sickness. In certain industries such as the field of science it is important to purify water before using it in experiments or manufacturing. Here are some popular terms used in the water analysis, treatment and distillation industry.
Contaminant – A contaminant is something in water that makes it un-pure and possibly not suitable for use or drinking. Contaminants include copper, fluoride, waste and more. Filtration, treatment and distillation removes contaminants.
pH Level – A pH level measures the acidity or basicity of liquid such as water. The balanced pH level ideal for drinking water filtered of pollution is 7.
Sample – Taking a water sample to test is a popular analysis technique. A water sample from an original source will be tested for bacteria, metals and other contaminants. Based on the results of the sample, a water investigation service will suggest ways to purify the water.
Filter – There are two main types of water filters, carbon and reverse osmosis. Carbon filters purify water by absorbing any pollutants present. Reverse osmosis features a filter which traps pollutants only allowing clean and healthy water through.
Treatment – There are multiple water treatment methods for purposes of home drinking, medical and industrial use. Treatment typically involves processes including disinfection, coagulation, and filtration.
Hard and Soft Water – Hard water has a variety of minerals such as calcium and magnesium in them while soft water has been filtered so only sodium remains. Many people prefer soft water for drinking, bathing, lab work and more.
Water quality is one of the largest environmental concerns. Analysis of water is an important industry. In most cases, water analysis is performed to measure levels of pollution and contaminants. It is also used as part of the treatment system, to assess the effectiveness of processing.
Drinking water is treated prior to going into the system. Analysis is also used to ensure whether methods used to purify water are acceptable. Distilled water has been purified to the point where there is, theoretically, nothing but water in there. However, to purify water to that point is expensive and not always desirable. Distilled water is most often used for scientific purposes.
Drinking water systems also often add chemicals such as fluorine or iodine. Samples are then analyzed to ensure that these additives are appropriate. Despite the fact that potable water is treated, many customers still use filters. Chlorine is often added to swimming pools. Bottled water is also tested before sale. Testing kits are available, which can be used to determine whether a filter is necessary. Purification tablets and other methods are sometimes used when camping.
Analysis can also indicate how hard water is, which relates to the PH levels, and whether a softener is desirable. Waste treatment plants are expected to produce water of a certain standard of cleanliness. Regulations are often applied to waste treatment and to industrial plants in an attempt to reduce pollution. Various instruments are used in the outgoing stream to ensure that quality is maintained.
Clean drinking water is essential to human health.