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Important Water Well Drilling and Service Terms
Water wells have been drilled all over the world to accommodate the needs of numerous communities, businesses, and industrial facilities with plumbing and water heating. These wells are often equipped with pumps, self plumbing or filtration systems, and even heating elements, if needed. Large rigs are used to drill water wells, and contractors are hired to excavate the ground in specific areas. However, this is a process that requires time, as well as a license or permit to drill and dig in a specific spot. Here you will find some useful terms that apply to water well drilling.
Piezometer – This is a device that is used to measure pore water pressure. It helps contractors with measuring the location of water tables, and can be used to collect samples of water as well.
Cable Tool Drilling – Also known as percussion drilling, this method uses a weighted string of drilling tools. These tools are positioned on a hoisting cable, and are raised and dropped repeatedly. The impact crushes obstructing materials in order for a hole to be created.
Turbidity – This refers to the portion of particles or sediment that is found suspended in liquid. This term applies to both water and oil wells that are excavated. Sometimes pumps and filters are used to remove this sediment.
Aquifer – An underground layer of gravel, earth, or porous stone. An aquifer yields water is various volumes or quantities. This water is often safer to use since it is hidden from many pollutants.
Dual Rotary Drilling – This is done by a rig with a lower rotary drive. This method often involves a drag bit, hammer, or rolling cone bit that penetrates rock and earth. A compressor is used to vacuum out debris and cuttings during the drilling process.
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Water well drilling and services professionals make repairs to or install water wells. They also excavate the ground to install water well systems. Water wells are dug into the ground to collect and distribute water to a home or business. The water quality should be high, as it is often used for drinking, in addition to bathing and washing. Wells are comprised of a series of pumps that distribute the water supply.
Water well drilling and service companies, often made up of contractors and engineers, can install pumps of all kinds, from hand and hydraulic pumps, to high pressure and electrical pumps. Each one plays a different role, or uses a different pumping method. In addition to digging, such professionals can clean, install, and repair well systems using a variety of equipment such as drilling rigs. They should be licensed, and boast training in areas like volume quality and proper drilling depth.
Water well drilling and service providers often purchase their products, such as drill bits, electric pump equipment, self priming plastic pumps, and kits from wholesalers or distributors. Some services that water well drilling and service companies may offer are free estimates, 24 hour availability, repairs, installations, and sales. Some may specialize in residential jobs, while others focus on larger industrial and commercial projects.
Company professionals should have experience working with all sorts of well components, such as hoses, chambers, pumps, and safety mechanisms. Years ago, wells were the primary way to get water for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and washing. Now, most cities use municipal water systems for treatment and supply, although many people in rural areas still utilize private water wells.
To find more information on water well drilling and service, consumers can head to the Internet to find local listings of licensed companies.