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Water Well Drilling and Well Pump Installation Terms to Know
A water well allows direct access to underground aquifers and reservoirs. The decision to setup a well can be a great way to access local water reserves and save money over time. Familiarity with common terms can assist in understanding how to drill or maintain a water well.
Unconfined - Also called a shallow well. These reach the part of an aquifer that is closest to the surface. These wells are relatively easy to setup, as they do not require drilling through any impermeable layers.
Confined - Also called a deep well. These reach through an impermeable layer. Confined wells may be more challenging to install than unconfined wells.
Artesian - A type of confined well from which water flows freely. This occurs when the water pressure in the aquifer is sufficiently high.
Production - Also called a pumping well. These are intended to bring water to the surface for use in homes, businesses, irrigation, or other common purposes.
Monitoring - Also called a piezometer. These wells are installed for testing the quality of groundwater. They are much more narrow than production wells, as only a small amount of water is required for testing.
Screen - A filtering device that water passes through when being pumped out of the well. Screens may also be used to cap a well, to keep children and animals from falling into it. These screens may require repair and maintenance over time.
Nitrates - A common type of groundwater contamination. They come from fertilizers and sewage. Repairs and upgrades to a well can assist with filtering out nitrates before water is used.
Many residential home owners still operate on well water. Water wells, which are dug into the ground to collect and distribute water, used to be the primary method of obtaining water for homes and businesses. These days, many residents are on municipal water, but there are still some who rely on wells. When the water well pump breaks down, it needs to be repaired by a qualified technician. These same technicians can usually install new water well pumps, too.
Well water, like town water, is used for bathing, drinking, and cooking. Wells are comprised of a series of pumps that distribute the water supply to and from a home, for example. Water well pump installation service and repair professionals provide many services, not the least of which is installation of new pumps and tanks. They can also provide maintenance, emergency repair, cleaning, parts replacement, and hookups.
Because the right amount of pressure must be attained, pumps should be powerful enough to handle the job. Repair experts can fix a broken pump, jet, piston, or irrigation tank using various equipment and tools like drilling rigs. However, they also need to know the science behind it all, regarding volume quality and proper drilling depth, whether the well is shallow or deep.
Types of pumps can include submersible, centrifugal, peristaltic, electric, and solar powered. Contractors, plumbers, and engineers who work within this field should have extensive knowledge of all kinds of wells, such as pond and booster pumps, along with components like irrigation tanks and filters. Finding a qualified water well pump installation, service, and repair company can be made easier with the internet, where clients can search for local listings. They can also call their local plumber for referrals.