Well drilling is essential for discovering offshore oil and acquiring natural gas. Once natural petroleum or gas is found, a submersible pump is often used to extract the oil through a shaft or tube. Offshore oil rigs often have this equipment, and drilling is commonly done under water. As you may know, this is a major industry these days, and natural resources that are used for fuel bring in a lot of money. Below you will find some helpful terminology that applies to well drilling and oil pumping.
Drill Collar Sub – A joining sub piece that is used between the drill collars and the drill string. This piece ensures that the drill collar and pipe can be connected together properly for offshore drilling.
Dump Bailer – This is a submersible bailing device that offers a release disc or flapper valve. It is used to spot or place cement slurry, shale, water and other materials at the bottom of a well.
Dry Well – A well that is drilled by contractors, but fails to produce any natural gas or oil in large enough quantities for commercial use.
Die Insert – This refers to a steel, removable piece that is placed in the jaws of the tongs used in the well drilling process. This hard piece grips the drill collars, casing or body of the drill pipe, while the tongs are used to break out the pipe.
Hydraulic Jar – A mechanical jar that has fluid passing through a small opening, which slows the stroke of a piston. This is necessary while the drilling crew is stretching the work string. Afterward, a release mechanism snaps to release a sharp blow to assist with the drilling process.
Well drilling is a broad term that can incorporate water or oil well drilling. Water well drilling involves installing or making repairs to water wells, either on a commercial or residential level. Oil well drilling involves installing, drilling, or repairs to oil wells. Both provide vital natural resources.
Professionals in this industry are skilled in excavating, using hydraulic equipment, machinery, and pumps to provide pressure. The result is a borehole or shaft, with the size and depth depending on each individual job. These companies buy their supplies, like core drills, masonry drills, bits, rotary tables, and rigs, from wholesalers and retailers.
The whole purpose of oil well digging is to extract this natural resource for use in the petroleum and natural gas industries. Water wells, on the other hand, are dug into the ground to collect and distribute water to a home or business. Comprised of a series of pumps that distribute the water supply, these water wells are still used in many cities and towns by private land owners.
Wells used to be the primary way to obtain water for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and washing. Today, most cities use municipal water systems, although many people in rural areas still have private water wells for their individual supply.
Wells can be drilled into limestone, clay, soil, and shale bedrock, for example. Contractors, engineers, and other drilling experts are the ones who dig, pump, install wells, and extract the oil or water, either for onshore or offshore drilling purposes. Those looking for a well drilling company to assist them in their efforts can seek out listings online. The Internet is also a great tool for learning about the history of oil and water well drilling, directional drilling, blowout prevention, and formation testing.