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Popular Woodworker Terms
Woodworkers are responsible for creating a variety of household items, including furniture and crafts. These pieces may include tables, cabinets and instruments. These workers are highly skills craftsmen who understand how to use different types of equipment and machines. Machines include drill presses, routers, sanders and lathes. Woodworkers often plan a project before beginning to ensure they have the proper tools. The tools allow workers to properly carve, saw and cut pieces of wood into a finished product. While woodworkers may rely on their skills and experience to make a custom piece, they may need to follow certain plans or instructions when making repairs. Wooden items, like antique furniture, may need to be repaired or refurbished. Below are essential terms to know about woodworking.
Jig Saw - A jig saw is a type of power tool that features a blade that cuts wood with an up and down movement.
Varnish - Varnish is a liquid material that provides a hard coating after drying on wood. This gives the item a polished expensive look.
Bevel - A bevel is an angled cut that is made to the face of a wood board.
Grain - Grain are the fibers of the wood and factor into the shaping and cutting during a woodworking project.
Veneer - Veneer is a thinly sliced piece of wood often used as a wall border as decoration.
Router - A router is a tool that hollows out a piece of wood.
Clamp - Clamps are a tool that will fasten a piece of wood to a table to cut or saw it safely.
Lathe - A lathe is a machine tool that rotates wood on its axis to cut, drill or sand.
Sheri Tharp is a professional woodcarver and master teacher. She has taught woodcarving in the Berkeley/Oakland east bay area for over 20 years. She is available to do custom carving. Classes are offered from beginning to advanced.
Wood is possibly one of the most useful substances on the planet. Mankind has been working with wood for a very long time, although few artifacts survive. Woodworking tools, however, have been found of considerable antiquity.
Wood is used to make furniture and cabinets. It is used as a material for art. Fences and benches are often made of wood. Carpenters continue to work on turning lumber into various items. Although much work is now done by machine, there is still space for the craftsman.
Equipment such as lathes and routers is sold by hardware stores and specialist crafting stores. Carvers use anything from small hand tools to chainsaws to create their art. Carpenters may also work in repairing furniture. Wood is also often used as a construction material, especially for small buildings and outhouses. For larger projects, planning is essential. Planning is also important for art work, and many carvers start with a sketch. Pine is a popular wood for art. Furniture is made with a variety of finishes, such as polished oak bars. Refinishing wood, either as part of maintenance or after repairs, is thus an important task.
A woodworker's desk is equipped with clamps and bolts for securing pieces. Lathes are used to turn wood, most often for making wooden bowls or banisters. Companies that supply wood to workers often provide exotic hardwoods and interesting materials. At the other extreme, plywood is used as a cheap alternative to true wood. Many craftsmen do custom jobs, such as specific furniture designs.