Psychologists help people work through issues, ranging from depression and anxiety to family and romantic relationship problems. Psychologists, who are professionals licensed by the state, can counsel patients assigned to them within a hospital or medical clinic, school, or referred via a private practice.
Confidentiality is at the heart of any psychologist’s or therapist's practice. Anything they discuss with a patient is confidential and cannot be discussed with any other party. Schools, especially at the high school level, often employ at least one psychologist on staff to handle student disagreements, behavioral issues, and home issues affecting a child’s school life. Within a nurturing, understanding environment, psychologists offer advice and support, plus evaluations and case management.
Although therapists can’t prescribe medication like psychiatrists are qualified to do, they can recommend treatment for anxiety, metal, social development, and cognitive disorders. With schooling in psychology, these counselors play an important role in the well being of a variety of patients, either within a clinical, or office, setting. They can refer patients to psychiatrists, who may have more specialized expertise in various aspects of this brand of mental health science.
Psychologists may focus on specialties in various areas, such as forensic, psychotherapy, biological, couples, or sports psychology. Sports psychology involves the study of factors affecting sports performance and participation, offering insight into mental health factors relating to team performance and physical activity.
Generally, psychologists use a variety of techniques to provide assistance with anything from anger management to general mental health issues. Patients get referred to psychologists after a stay in the hospital, as part of a mental health clinic visit, or through primary care doctor recommendations.